We must not allow racism to drive us apart
Today I received a message from a parent. Her nine-year-old son, Oscar, had been sitting in his living room during the Covid-19 lockdown, watching coverage of protests, sparked by the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis,United States.
He was perplexed and sat glued to his television as he watched images beamed from the US, Canada, Australia and from the United Kingdom of masses of people of all races chanting “I can’t breathe” and demanding an end to racism.
This fiercely intelligent mixed-race child had been raised to be proud of his blended heritage.
So he was desperate to understand the circumstances surrounding Floyd’s death, and the raw wounds it had opened up.
Oscar turned to his mother and fired a series of profound and deeply disconcerting questions, which she shared with me.
He wanted to know why black people were being treated in this appalling way, and why some people did not understand the concept of equality.
As his mother tried to respond to these difficult questions, the discussion led to the institution of the Commonwealth.
Oscar wanted to know why countries who were former colonies of the British empire had willingly decided to create a union based on equality and friendship.
His questions deeply affected me, because they were the same questions I had asked my father when I was nine.
I had been watching the painful and frightening saga of apartheid play out on TV, and I had experienced the reality of being a child of the Windrush generation.
So it is deeply distressing to see that after decades of civil rights movements, race riots, powerful speeches, and the establishment of equality laws, that we have somehow managed to come back full circle.
Here I am in 2020 witnessing the horrific manifestation of this still festering wound—a white policeman, undeterred by onlookers, nonchalantly kneeling on the neck of a black man who is begging for mercy, until he is forced into permanent silence.
More and more these incidents of savagery, evil and of a lack of humanity are being caught on camera in real time, so there can be no claims of exaggeration or distortion.
But it also means that children of all races around our Commonwealth are being exposed to a trauma and their parents are facing difficult questions.
I believe that our young people, like Oscar, who represent 60 per cent of our population in the Commonwealth, deserve to know why they are still having to ask these questions.
More importantly, they need to have hope that we can build on the progress we have made and create a future in which their children and grandchildren are not asking the same questions. My response is to point to the Commonwealth model.
In 1949, the Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, explaining why his country had decided to join the Commonwealth, spoke about its “desirable method” which “brings a touch of healing” to our sick world.
These sentiments were later echoed by Her Majesty The Queen Elizabeth II in 1953 when she described the Commonwealth as, “an entirely new conception, built on the highest qualities of the spirit of man: friendship, loyalty and the desire for freedom and peace”.
It is true that our Commonwealth story is one of a family at times scarred by old hurts and resentments, and of a relationship sometimes strained and afflicted by fissures such as racism.
But I point to the Commonwealth because our history also shows that, standing on the strong foundation of our friendship, our shared values, our common aspirations, and our spirit of collaboration, we have always been brave enough to look evil straight in the face and call it for what it is.
Our collective refusal to turn a blind eye to apartheid, and our tireless fight for the small, the vulnerable and the marginalised has made us as an enigma of diversity and equality.
I am proud of this accomplishment, but Floyd’s final silence was a deafening reminder of the challenges we still face. I am encouraged by the rays of hope I see shining through in the peaceful marches led by people of all races and cultures, and by police joining protests, not to stand against peaceful protesters, but to kneel with them in solidarity.
The truth is that we are at a defining moment in our history, and the choices we make matter, perhaps more than at any other time for a generation.
We cannot afford to allow racism to divide us and drive us into social unrest. —The writer is Commonwealth Secretary General