Access to mobile data a fundamental human right
In 2016, the United Nations amended Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) to include “access to the Internet as a human right”.
This amendment to the UDHR received plenty of opposition, with many countries contesting the language choice; that it condemned any measures to disrupt Internet access or hinder sharing of information.
I need not remind you of the events that unfolded in December 2019 through to date. Access to this very resource – the Internet – is what kept the global engine moving, with a heavier reliance on remote work and online communication driving a surge in global Internet usage.
Digital environments usurped every day in-person interaction, enabling business owners, employees, teachers, students – the fortunate few who had access to the Internet, and other professionals, who had to minimise their movement but still meet their contractual, professional, business or educational obligations.
In fact, the pandemic has proved that a well-architected digital experience can offer an equivalent or even more personalised interaction than an in-person engagement.
At Telkom, we recorded a 50 per cent spike in data consumption on our network, following weeks of increased usage of our Home products and other tailored solutions. This also called for an immediate optimisation and rebalancing of our network to address the usage dynamics.
The Internet is now emerging as a daily necessity. However, its universal access, particularly mobile Internet, is still a challenge.
While a minority of privileged students – from elementary to tertiary institutions – were able to continue with their studies, the great majority who had no access to the Internet sadly fell behind, further entrenching the gap between the “haves and have-nots.”
The World Economic Forum has underlined the growing role of the Internet in the economy. The World Bank also posits that the Internet promotes economic development since it provides access to opportunities that were previously out of reach for the disadvantaged.
It is evident, therefore, that the Internet is now a key driver of economic growth. Its access is crucial if Kenya and the rest of the continent are to really bridge the digital divide.
This calls for further investment into network infrastructure and a continued review of the technology in use, to ensure scalability – easier upgrades and optimisation, guided by future market dynamics.
Last week, we announced our partnership with networks and telecommunications company Ericsson and systems integrator NEC XON to add an additional 2,000 sites onto our network by 2023.
This nationwide rollout that will cost approximately $100 million, is part of our long-term network expansion strategy to address the digital transformation, as well as lay the groundwork for our long-term goal to become the technology partner of choice in Kenya and the region.
The customer is also demanding more competitive and comprehensive products. The development of new products and solutions such as Madaraka Life enable more people to access the Internet, but more importantly, the provision of the network needed to access these products, is what needs to be addressed.
Technology companies will also have to put in more effort towards increasing the awareness of this crucial resource through the implementation of well thought out go-to-market approaches. However, we cannot also ignore another challenge – access to mobile Internet devices.
The Global Systems for Mobile Communications Association (GSMA) in a recently released report: Mobile Internet Connectivity 2021; sub-Saharan Africa Key Trends, states that over half a billion people who are living in areas with a mobile broadband network, are not using mobile Internet, despite substantial increases in mobile broadband coverage since 2014.
Handset affordability, the GSMA adds in this report, remains a key barrier. In as much as smart phone adoption is increasing, it only accounts for less than half of the total connections. More needs to be done to address this gap.
This calls for further intervention from all concerned regulators with the support of other sector stakeholders, to expedite the implementation of measures and policies that are favourable to the end consumers, enabling them to acquire the devices needed to access this basic human right – the Internet, but to also instil confidence in service providers to put in more infrastructure investment in the sector, thereby increasing Internet penetration across the country.
— The writer is the Chief Executive Officer, Telkom